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Your first chicks
Complete Guide

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CHICKS AND DAY 1 FRESH AIR & CHICKS
HOME MADE BROODERS PROPER FEED FOR CHICKS/CLEAN WATER
COMFORTABLE AND HAPPY CHICKS GROWING! STAGE / HENS / EGGS
SPACE FOR CHICKS PARASITE DIAGNOSIS


GROWING! STAGE
Proper ventilation, clean water, and a well balanced feed program will keep the chicks growing. Chicks grow faster and live better when given ample room. Add more feeders and water's as the chicks grow.
Proper ventilation will aid in disease control by keeping the house and litter dry. Wet litter invites diseases. Without proper ventilation you will fail to get the maximum feed and water consumption, and without that you will not get good growth efficiency.
Pullets that are kept for the laying house need plenty of fresh feed and water before them at all time. Don't let them go hungry or the egg basket will go empty next fall. Remove all litter and foreign material from the feeders every other day. Let the chicks eat all the feed they want and then dump the material from the feeders. If the feed becomes wet (for any reason), immediately discard all feed, clean or wash the trough and dry thoroughly before refilling with fresh feed.
Overcrowding, excessive temperature, insufficient feeder and waterer space, poor diet, and parasite infestations contribute to cannibalism. Good management and care of the birds will prevent cannibalism from becoming a problem. Treat internal parasites monthly with an appropriate anthelmintic and spray birds periodically with an approved insecticide to eliminate lice or mite infestations. Contact your County Agent for approved medications. If cannibalism starts to be a problem, it may be necessary to debeak the birds.note debeaking should be a last resort.!!!!
When the chicks are allowed to range for themselves they must be protected from predators and exposure to wild birds. Be sure to provide protection, especially at night, to avoid injury from varmints. Control rats and mice to reduce feed contamination that can result in disease outbreaks.
Be on constant alert for the appearance of any symptoms that indicate a disease outbreak. If identification of a problem is made early, it is much easier to treat and eliminate the problem before severe damage to the bird occurs. Many diseases can be identified based on the symptoms of the lesions. Contact your County Agent or Extension Poultry Specialist for assistance in identifying any disease problem.
The USDA website determine what the illness is, based on symptoms, and try to help cure/fix it
1-800-536-7593


HENS / EGGS
Good pullet management is essential for high egg production. If pullets are to mature into profitable producers, they must grow continuously throughout the developing period. Practices that help promote this growth and development during the growing period are:
*= ADEQUATE SPACE -- Allow 2 to 3 square feet per bird if raised in confinement.
*= FEED -- Keep a good growing mash in front of the pullets at all time. A complete laying ration provides all necessary nutrients. Feeding additional grain will unbalance the diet and may result in disappointing results.
*=WATER -- Developing pullets drink much and require plenty of water to maintain normal growth. Keep the water fresh and cool by keeping the fountains in shade. Clean all fountains daily.
*=SHADE -- Pullets are more comfortable if provided shade during hot weather.
*=GREEN FEED -- Clovers and tender grasses can be used to furnish grazing for pullets. A good tender grazing crop can reduce the feed cost by 5% to 20%. However, be sure to conduct a regular worm or internal parasite program to prevent infestations of parasites that the pullets can get while grazing on the range.
*=RANGE SHELTERS -- Provide one 10x12-foot shelter for each 100 to 125 pullets.
*=CONTROL PARASITES -- Pullets may become infested with worms. As previously stated, there are some effective drugs that can be used to control all internal parasites of chickens. Help reduce infestations by practicing good management and sanitation. Check a few pullets from time to time for external parasites like lice and mites.

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